Analysis of Bus Vulnerability Conducted Using a Synchronized Phasor Measurement Unit in Order to Achieve the Maximum Observability


  • Rohit Babu Alliance University, Anekal, Bengaluru
  • Vikash Kumar Gupta National Institute of Foundry & Forge Technology (NIFFT), Ranchi, Jharkhand- 834003, India



Binary integer linear programming, Maximum observability, Phasor measurement unit, State Estimation


Phasor measurement units (PMUs) have gained significant interest in recent decades. These instruments are used to measure synchronized phasor data. PMUs are gradually but definitely taking over power grids because of the significant phasor information that they generate for both regular and irregular conditions for the purpose of maintaining safety and control. PMUs may be used for a variety of purposes, including state estimation, which is a common task. In order to make state estimation more reliable, a variety of approaches have been looked into, and one of them is the positioning of PMUs. This paper provides a plan for the implementation of the PMUs, taking into account the potential for failure and vulnerability posed by PMU-equipped buses. Two separate studies were carried out and evaluated with the goal of solving the optimum PMU placement problem (OPPP), which pertains to the grids. The findings of the first study show that the maximum bus observability may be accomplished with the fewest possible number of PMUs, even while taking into consideration the fact that there is a risk that one or more PMUs would malfunction. This investigation was carried out with common measures such as zero injection bus (ZIB) and branch flow measurements, both with and without them, in order to assess the outcomes. The second research focused on selecting the PMU-equipped bus’s vulnerability analysis as its primary area of investigation. All of the tests were completed by using binary integer linear programming. Specifically, the described method is meant to be used with an existing PMU framework and in the case that new locations for new PMUs are necessary to be furnished with existing PMUs. This results confirm that the recommended strategy can be implemented successfully on the IEEE benchmark test systems.


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How to Cite

Babu, R., & Gupta, V. K. (2023). Analysis of Bus Vulnerability Conducted Using a Synchronized Phasor Measurement Unit in Order to Achieve the Maximum Observability. Transactions on Energy Systems and Engineering Applications, 4(2), 1–23.