Transactions on Energy Systems and Engineering Applications <p><em>Transactions on Energy Systems and Engineering Applications</em> publishes peer-reviewed articles reporting on research, development, and applications on energy systems covering all areas of engineering and applied mathematics. The journal editor will enforce standards and a review policy to ensure that papers of high technical quality are accepted. The journal is published by the Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar.</p> <p><strong>ISSN:</strong> 2745-0120 (<em>Online</em>)</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Licencia Creative Commons" /></a></p> Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar en-US Transactions on Energy Systems and Engineering Applications 2745-0120 <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative <a href="">Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>, which allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> Five Level H-Bridge Configuration Based Microgrid with Sugeno Fuzzy Controller for New Energy Generation from Renewable Systems <p>Hybrid microgrids run by renewable energy sources are gaining popularity around the world. Solar (PV) and permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based wind energy systems (WES) are well-known and easy to install renewable energy options. Unfortunately, wind speeds and solar irradiance levels fluctuate unpredictably. Energy generation from both WES and PV panels must therefore fluctuate. Simultaneously, the load is fluctuating irregularly. Hence, storage devices must be incorporated into hybrid systems in order to keep the generation and consumption of electricity in equilibrium. In addition, for a fuel cell and electrolyzer that run on hydrogen, a tiny battery is added into the system to keep costs down. In order to enhance power quality and reliability, all the components in a microgrid need to be connected to an effective energy management system. For optimal use, renewable energy sources are combined with maximum power point trackers. When there are sudden shifts in both the energy supply and demand on a standalone microgrid, the energy balance and frequency response are crucial. In this study, a Takagi Sugeno based innovative fuzzy controller is implemented for a system to manage energy in order to achieve a precious and rapid reaction. The suggested system's Hardware-In-the-Loop is built using OPAL-RT modules in order to demonstrate detailed findings.</p> B. Nagi Reddy K. Sarada M. Bharathi Y. Anil Kumar Ch. Rami Reddy B. Srikanth Goud Copyright (c) 2023 B. Nagi Reddy, K. Sarada, M. Bharathi, Y. Anil Kumar, Ch. Rami Reddy; B. Srikanth Goud 2023-07-10 2023-07-10 4 2 1 14 10.32397/tesea.vol4.n2.521 Numerical Study in Effect of Thermal Slip on Two Fluid Flow in a Vertical Channel <p>The present study investigates the effect of thermal slip on an immiscible flow of micropolar and viscous fluids in a vertical channel. The left boundary is subjected to thermal slip with appropriate boundary and interface conditions, resulting in a linked system of nonlinear partial differential equations. The ND Solve technique in Mathematica software is used to implement the Runge-Kutta method of the sixth order. The velocity, temperature, and concentration equations are then calculated. The mass, heat, and velocity transmission rates at the boundaries were recorded for all the variations in the governing parameters. In addition, the impact of relevant parameters on various physical properties of micropolar and viscous fluids is analyzed through graphical means. The results are then discussed in detail. Thermal slip, Grashof number, molecular number, magnetic parameter, and Reynolds number are crucial factors that significantly affect heat and mass transfer in fluid flow. The effect of the increased thermal slip is noted to result in a decrease in both the velocity profile and temperature. It was also observed that higher values of Grashof and molecular Grashof numbers led to increased velocity and angular velocity.</p> Vasavi Cheruku B. Ravindra Reddy Copyright (c) 2023 Vasavi Cheruku, B. Ravindra Reddy 2023-07-17 2023-07-17 4 2 1 18 10.32397/tesea.vol4.n2.517 Statistical Analysis to Quantify the Impact of Map Type on Estimating Peak Discharge in Non-Instrumented Basins <p>The calculation of peak discharge in non-instrumented basins requires including morphometric parameters, which in turn depend on the map type used. This study analyses the impact of and variation in peak discharges of the Caño Ricaurte basin, Colombia, based on three types of maps at different resolution scales. The reference map used was the map made for the detailed designs of the channel analysed, which was extracted from the Master Plan of the City. Additionally, maps from a 90 × 90 m digital elevation model and contour lines extracted from Google Earth were used. The time of concentration was determined by different equations (Kirpich, Témez, Bureau, and TR-55) using the mapping methods described above, and the peak discharge was determined using rainfall-runoff models.</p> Alexandra Sierra-Sánchez Oscar E. Coronado-Hernandez Duban A Paternina-Verona Gustavo Gatica Helena M. Ramos Copyright (c) 2023 Alexandra Sierra-Sánchez, Oscar E. Coronado-Hernandez, Duban A Paternina-Verona, Gustavo Gatica, Helena M. Ramos 2023-08-11 2023-08-11 4 2 1 17 10.32397/tesea.vol4.n2.522 Performance Validation of PM Assisted SynRM and PMSM with Optimized Design for EV Application <p>This paper presents the comparison of Permanent Magnet-Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor (PMASynRM) and Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) for the same design parameters and the evaluation of various performance parameters based on the Finite Element (FE) Method. FE Analysis is conducted after selecting the optimized design for PMASynRM and PMSM using an FE tool, with loading conditions to determine various performance parameters. This is achieved by maintaining the same motor dimensions and stator parameters while altering the rotor geometry for both motors. The final simulation results are discussed, and other performance parameters are recorded for comparison purposes. A PMASynRM is introduced, in which the problems of Synchronous Reluctance Motor (SynRM) can be eliminated with a permanent magnet in the rotor flux barrier. Due to higher flux barriers in PMASynRM, the reluctance torque is higher than in PMSM. If the magnet is placed very near to the air gap in PMSM, higher magnet torque is achieved, but due to the high reluctance torque in PMASynRM, the electromagnetic torque of PMASynRM is higher compared to PMSM. The research proves that the proposed design of PMASynRM is the best choice for Electric Vehicle (EV) applications. For PMASynRM, the shape of the flux barrier is not possible to change due to the design limitation of the FE software tool. Further analysis can be conducted by changing the shapes of the flux barriers to propose the most effective barriers. Basic theory and FE analysis of conventional PMSM and SynRM are reported in the literature. An optimal design is proposed through comparative analysis for EV applications to find out the best candidate for an EV motor.</p> Swapnil Jani Jitendra Jamnani Copyright (c) 2023 Swapnil Jani, Jitendra Jamnani 2023-09-08 2023-09-08 4 2 1 14 10.32397/tesea.vol4.n2.543 Analysis of Bus Vulnerability Conducted Using a Synchronized Phasor Measurement Unit in Order to Achieve the Maximum Observability <p>Phasor measurement units (PMUs) have gained significant interest in recent decades. These instruments are used to measure synchronized phasor data. PMUs are gradually but definitely taking over power grids because of the significant phasor information that they generate for both regular and irregular conditions for the purpose of maintaining safety and control. PMUs may be used for a variety of purposes, including state estimation, which is a common task. In order to make state estimation more reliable, a variety of approaches have been looked into, and one of them is the positioning of PMUs. This paper provides a plan for the implementation of the PMUs, taking into account the potential for failure and vulnerability posed by PMU-equipped buses. Two separate studies were carried out and evaluated with the goal of solving the optimum PMU placement problem (OPPP), which pertains to the grids. The findings of the first study show that the maximum bus observability may be accomplished with the fewest possible number of PMUs, even while taking into consideration the fact that there is a risk that one or more PMUs would malfunction. This investigation was carried out with common measures such as zero injection bus (ZIB) and branch flow measurements, both with and without them, in order to assess the outcomes. The second research focused on selecting the PMU-equipped bus’s vulnerability analysis as its primary area of investigation. All of the tests were completed by using binary integer linear programming. Specifically, the described method is meant to be used with an existing PMU framework and in the case that new locations for new PMUs are necessary to be furnished with existing PMUs. This results confirm that the recommended strategy can be implemented successfully on the IEEE benchmark test systems.</p> Rohit Babu Vikash Kumar Gupta Copyright (c) 2023 Rohit Babu, Vikash Kumar Gupta 2023-09-21 2023-09-21 4 2 1 23 10.32397/tesea.vol4.n2.523