Will the poor of today be the poor of tomorrow? The determinants of poverty and vulnerability in Cartagena Colombia
Palabras clave:poverty, vulnerability, probit model, household consumption, Cartagena, Colombia
This paper examines the evolution and causes of poverty in Cartagena, Colombia, during the period 2002-2005. We use a probabilistic model (probit) to identify the individual characteristics that explain the incidence of poverty in the city. We also examine the concept of vulnerability, defined as the possibility that future levels of consumption may be below the poverty line. We find that poverty by income has diminished but continues to affect a significant proportion of the local population. Labor variables and household structure (for example, the presence of children) are the most important factors in explaining the incidence of poverty in Cartagena. However, vulnerability is greater than poverty itself, so that most of the city’s population face a latent risk that their living conditions may worsen.